Introverts disproportionately underestimate the performance of extraverts

Introverts disproportionately underestimate the performance of extraverts

It often seems that the world is dominated by extroverts: society must adapt to their judgments, their way of approaching problems, their way of socializing, etc. For that reason, there are many tips that are offered to introverts to be accepted by extroverts (or by an extrovert world).

However, the scientific literature suggests that the process can be seen just the other way around: introverts also have their own world and way of doing things, and also their own biases when it comes to assessing the competencies of their fellow extroverts .

Incompetence bias

Two studies were conducted in groups of students to test this idea. The first had MBA students and the second with students in a management program .

In the first study, students completed questionnaires about peer groups with whom they worked for a semester. Introverted students favored their introverted peers.

In the second study, the introverts in the groups gave lower ratings and smaller bonuses to the extroverted team members, even when the performance was exactly the same as the introverted team members .

The extroversion and introversion traits were conveyed through profiles and comments during an online game. The results of both studies have been published in the Academy of Management Journal .

In other words , we do not just discriminate or prejudge others based on their ethnicity, language, religion, height, beauty, and a vast array of important and unimportant differences. We also do it even in our degree of extroversion.

For this reason, introverts conceptualize extroverts in a stereotyped way , as do extroverts of introverts: for example, considering that they dive into books because they are shy when perhaps what happens is that they do not find people as interesting as the books: